Stanley Sapp Memorial Website

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This display case was assembled by Captain Sapp's family in the late 1990's and contains the medals he was awarded during his Army career as well as the badges and patches he was qualified to wear at the time he was killed in action.  The table below the display case photograph contains a description of each item in the display case.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Description of Items in Display Case

Item
 Description
 

Purple Heart Medal
 
Awarded to any member of the US Armed Forces killed or wounded in an armed conflict.
 
Army Commendation Medal
 
Heroism, meritorious achievement, or service.
 
Notice in the display case image above that the medal is affixed with a bronze oak leaf cluster; this indicates that Captain Sapp received the medal twice.
               
Army Good Conduct Medal
 
The good conduct medal is awarded for exemplary behavior, efficiency, and fidelity in active federal military service.  It is awarded on a selective basis to each soldier who distinguishes himself/herself from among his/her fellow soldiers by their exemplary conduct, efficiency, and fidelity throughout a specified period of continuous enlisted federal military service.
 
Notice in the display case image above that the medal is affixed with a bar containing 3 bronze clasps; this indicates that Captain Sapp received the medal 3 times.
             
WWII Army Occupation Medal
 
30 consecutive days of service in occupied territories of former enemies.
 
Notice in the display case image above that the medal is affixed with a clasp inscribed with the word "Japan", indicating where Captain Sapp was stationed during his occupation duties.
              
National Defense Service Military Medal
 
Any honorable active duty service anywhere during any of the following declared periods of national emergency: 1950-54 (Korean War period), 1961-74 (Vietnam War Period) , 1990-95 (Persian Gulf War Period), 2001-TBD (War on Terror period).
              
Korean Service Medal
 
Participation in military operations within the Korean area during the period of 1950 to 1954.

Notice in the display case image above that the medal is affixed with a service star, indicating where Captain Sapp received this medal twice.
               
Armed Forces Reserve Medal (Army)
 
10 years of honorable service in any reserve component of the US Army Reserve.
                              
Republic of Korea War Service Medal
 
A decoration of South Korea which was first authorized in December 1950. Originally known as the Incident Participation Medal, the medal was first authorized to South Korean troops who had participated in the initial counter-assaults against North Korean aggression in June 1950.
 
In 1951, President Syngman Rhee ordered that the Incident Participation Medal be renamed as the War Service Medal and further authorized the decoration to any troops who were defending South Korea against invasion. In 1954, the South Korean government authorized what is now called the Korean War Service Medal to all United Nations troops who had fought in the Korean War between the dates of June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953.
 
While a number of countries accepted the award, at the time of the Korean War Service Medal's presentation to U.N. troops the United States of America declined to award the medal to U.S. soldiers. This was based on regulations of the time which curtailed the acceptance and wear of foreign decorations on U.S. military uniforms.
 
In 1999 (approaching the 50th anniversary of the Korean conflict), the South Korean government proposed the decoration be reactivated and retroactively awarded to all Korean and U.N. veterans who had served in the Korean War. Planned presentations of the award were scheduled for June 2000, on the 50th anniversary of the Korean War.
 
Captain Sapp's family arranged with Congresswoman Heather Wilson (1st Congressional District of New Mexico) in December of 2002 that the medal be awarded posthumously to Captain Sapp.  This medal was added to the display case (above) after the medal was acquired.
                
 
Knight's Badge of the National Order of Vietnam 
 
The National Order of Vietnam was a combined military-civilian decoration of South Vietnam and was considered the highest honor that could be bestowed upon an individual by the Republic of Vietnam government.
 
The decoration was created in 1950 and was awarded to any person who performed "grandiose works, remarkable deeds, exhibited bravery, or for those who have honored and served the country by lofty virtues and outstanding knowledge."
                 
Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
 
The Gallantry Cross was awarded by the government of South Vietnam for accomplishing deeds of valor or displaying heroic conduct while fighting an enemy force.  The palm device affixed to the ribbon denotes "cited before the Army".
             
United Nations Service Medal
 
Service on behalf of the United Nations in Korea between 27 June 1950 and 27 July 1954.
             
US Presdential Unit Citation
 
The Presidential Unit Citation, originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II). The unit must display such gallantry, determination, and espirit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions so as to set it apart from and above other units participating in the same campaign.
 
Note: Captain Sapp received this citation for his service with the 24th Infantry Division during the Korean conflict.
                 
Korean Presdential Unit Citation
 
This citation was issued by the government of South Korea to both Korean military and foreign units. The last major issuance of the decoration was during the Korean War when the decoration was bestowed to several U.S., U.K., and Commonwealth military units. 
 
Note: Captain Sapp received this citation for his service with the 24th Infantry Division during the Korean conflict.
                
US Army Special Forces Officer Badge 
 
This badge was awarded to officers of the US Special Forces ("Green Berets") when Captain Sapp was in the Special Forces.
 
Note: This badge has been replaced by a badge which consists of only the two crossed arrows. 
               
US Army Air Defense Artillery Officer Badge 
 
This badge was awarded to officers of the US Army Air Defense Artillery. 
 
Note: All soldiers entering the Special Forces must do so with a specialty which they continue to hold as a member of the Special Forces.  Captain Sapp's specialty was Air Defense Artillery - he had also been in Field Artillery earlier in his career.
                 
US Army Air Captain Rank Insignia
 
This badge is worn by officers of the US Army holding the rank of Captain.
 
Note: In the display case above, this insignia is attached to the flash (patch) of the 3rd Special Forces Group.  However, in the photo in the display case above, the captain insignia is attached to the flash of the 5th Special Forces Group, to which Captain Sapp was assigned when he was on duty in Vietnam.  The photo in the display case was the last formal photo taken of Captain Sapp in Amarillo, Texas just before he went to Vietnam.
             
US Army Senior Parachutist Badge
 
In order to receive this badge, solders must have participated in a minimum of 30 jumps to include 15 jumps with combat equipment; two night jumps, one of which is as jumpmaster of a stick; two mass tactical jumps which culminate in an airborne assault problem; graduated from the Jumpmaster Course; and served on jump status with an airborne unit or other organization of authorized parachutists for a total of at least 24 months.

 
Note: In the display case above, this insignia is attached to the Special Forces airborne flash. 
           
US Army Special Forces Patch
 
Unit patch for all US Special Forces ("Green Berets") with airborne tab (all Special Forces were designated as airborne).
      
US Army Male Officer Hat Badge
 
This badge is worn on the dress hats of all US Army male officers.
 
     
Folded American Flag
 
The folded American flag positioned at the bottom left corner of the display case is the original flag draped over Captain Sapp's coffin and presented to his widow after the funeral ceremony.